SAPCC Mountain Caucus at Kohima Summit
In 2008, India’s first National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was launched, stating the country’s contribution towards combating climate change. The plan seeks to outline existing and future policies and programs addressing climate mitigation and adaptation while identifying eight core “national missions” running through 2017, which can be identified as the National Solar Mission, National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission for a “Green India, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, and National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change respectively.
In line with the NAPCC, all the Indian states have also been asked to develop action plans to define how they intend to undertake activities and programmes aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation under the banner, State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC). While the implementing agency differs from each state as some of them come under the planning department or the department of environment and forest, etc, it is important to note that the SAPCCs play a vital role in the implementation of the NAPCC.
Towards achieving this goal, it may also be mentioned here that the German development organization, GIZ and other organisations, such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank and the UK Department for International Development (DFID), are providing technical assistance to interested states to help them develop their SAPCC.
Noting the importance of each state having its own action plan on climate change, the upcoming Sustainable Mountain Development Summit-III (SMDS) or the IMI-Kohima Summit will feature the SAPCC Mountain Caucus as one of the side events. The objective of the Mountain Caucus being the need for a comparative analysis of SAPCCs from the Indian Himalayan Region, and exploring linkages between the SAPCCs from the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) and National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE).
The SAPCC Mountain Caucus will bring together different state actors involved in the development of the State Action Plans for Climate Change, as well as other agencies and organizations involved in the process to identify areas of shared objectives, collaboration, networking and co-sharing of knowledge and resources across the Indian Himalayan states.
It is to be noted that the 3rd Sustainable Mountain Development Summit 2013 is supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) through its Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP). The IHCAP builds on capacity and knowledge enhancement related to three pillars, namely, Scientific and Technical knowledge cooperation between Indian and Swiss scientific institutions, Adaptation measures for vulnerable communities, and Mainstreaming adaptation policies for improved action in the Indian Himalayan Region.
As such, the Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP) intends to leverage the SMDS 2013 event to generate feedback on draft studies, for which, a lead presentation will be made by IHCAP representative on the draft studies. The SAPCC Mountain Caucus during the Kohima Summit will have open discussions with the audience, which will be moderated by two experts, with the belief that the feedbacks drawn from the conclave will contribute towards strengthening the studies.
It is hoped that the inputs generated from the discussions will provide points for further analysis of the SAPCCs, highlight need and direction for strengthening of SAPCCs and increase understanding on implementation mechanism of the SAPCCs in the Indian Himalayan Region.