Field trip to Viswema – Mima villages

Water management

24th Sept 2013


Altogether 9 villages of Southern Angami fromPhesama village to Khuzama village bordering Senapati district of Manipur jointly owned and shares the resources of Mt. Japfu range. The people of these villages are sedentary farmers, practicing water dependent Wet Terrace Rice Cultivation (WTRC), owns very little cultivated land areas, but large conserved and preserved forests areas for water. A cluster of WTRC fields along the 27 km stretch below NH-29 from Kohima towards Imphalis seen with well managed traditional water sharing system.

Mt. Japfuforest range provides immense eco-system servicesin the regionand is also the sole water source to the state capital Kohima. These are the last bastion of primary forests under Kohima district.

It is considered vulnerable region due to water dependency from the surrounding villages,proximity to the state capital and rapid rise of population has forced the community to encroach into these forests for sustenance, leading to unsustainable extraction of fuel wood and NTFPs (Non-Timber Forest Products), collection of boulders from riverbeds, minimal watershed management contributes mainly to the drying up of rivers and ground water level.

Basic facts and practices:

  • Strong traditional village institutions, custodian for administration of customary laws and practices
  • Forest jointly conserve and manage by number of villages
  • Traditional water sharing system amongst the community and villages
  • Land holding system existing in the state has its advantages and disadvantages {Land and its resources belongs to the people}
  • Unsustainable extraction of Non Timber Forest Products

# Field itinerary (tentative):

  • 0800 Hrs : Depart Kohima
  • 0830 Hrs : Arrive Hydroger demo site
  • 1000 Hrs : Interaction & tea at TRC field, Viswema
  • 1230 Hrs : View Japfu watershed
  • 1300 Hrs : Interaction & lunch at Apiary site, Mima
  • 1430 Hrs : Back to Kohima
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